Zika is a virus which can be spread to people through mosquito bites. According to The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, it is a relatively new mosquito-borne virus which mainly affects the brain of an unborn child. Zika virus, transmitted by aggressive Aedes aegypti mosquito, has now spread to various countries. CDC is warning pregnant women against travel to areas with cases of Zika such as Brazil,Barbados, Bolivia, Cape Verde, Colombia, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Martinique, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Puerto Rico, Saint Martin, Suriname, Samoa and Venezuela, says the CDC; health officials in several of those countries are telling female citizens to avoid becoming pregnant, in some cases for up to two years.
What do we know so far about Zika so far
Zika is a part of viruses that causes yellow fever, West Nile, chikungunya, and dengue. But unlike like those mentioned viruses, Zika has no vaccine yet or medicine to treat it.
Zika virus can cause a neurological disorder to babies being born with abnormally small heads which cause severe developmental issues which sometimes leads to death.
Mosquito carrying the virus is an aggressive bitter and prefer daytime to dusk both indoors and outdoors.
Common symptoms and effect of Zika virus
A person infected with Zike could experience mild fever, joints pain or muscle pain, headache, red eyes and skin rash. These symptoms are relatively the same as dengue.
It generally affects the unborn child with abnormal head size.
Zika Treatment if you got infected
As of now there is no vaccine or medication available to prevent and treat Zika infection. But it is advised to get plenty of rest, take more fluids to prevent dehydration, NOT to take aspirin or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Visit your doctor as soon as possible.
Protect yourselves against Zika
Since there’s still no treatment or vaccine available, the only protection against Zika is to avoid places with active Zika cases. If travelling to those places is unavoidable, be sure to use EPA-approved mosquito repellent, wear long and thick clothes to cover most part of your body.