AIDS Cure is a myth until now and scientists have high spirit that they are going to find a cure to treat AIDS virus by 2030
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a condition that is caused by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Finding a cure to end it by 2030 is somehow a very ambitious goal which UNAids is trying to achieve.
HIV is transmitted mainly through unprotected sexual intercourse (including oral and anal sex), hypodermic needles, and contaminated blood transfusions. Bodily fluids, such as tears and saliva, do not transmit the virus. Therefore, it getting HIV through kissing is negligible. Currently, there is no vaccine or cure for HIV/AIDS. However, antiretroviral treatment increases life expectancy for those living with the diseases.
Early signs and symptoms of HIV infection include fever, chills, rash night sweats, muscle aches, sore throat, fatigue, swollen lymph nodes and mouth ulcers. Symptoms of a late stage of HIV infection are rapid weight loss, recurring fever, extreme tiredness, long swelling of the lymph glands, diarrhea, and pneumonia and memory loss.
Pictures and images of HIV/AIDS patients attract a lot of sympathies. Such patients are mostly depicted as weak, skinny and hopeless. However, with advancement in science and technology in the field of medicine and pharmaceutical, there is some optimism that the HIV/Aids pandemic can be eradicated by the year 2030.
UNAids have devised a very ambitious program dubbed fast-track AIDS epidemic by 2030. The fast track includes some targets in the mold of 90-90-90. This means 90 percent of people living HIV/AIDS know their status. The second 90 means 90 percent of individuals who know their status are on medication and the last 90 means 90 percent of people on medication have suppressed viral loads. Other targets include reducing transmission by 75 percent to about 500,000 by the year 2020.
These goals are quite ambitious and the challenges hindering the achievements of these objectives are numerous. Today, only 15 million of the 37 million of the persons infected with the virus have access to antiretroviral medicines. These drugs are important because they save lives and prevent transmission. However, there is still a lot of work to be done on the research side. It is unknown where the virus hides in the body and finding a cure would present a much better situation than the one currently prevailing.
HIV AIDS statistic
People living with HIV AIDS
- UNAids 2014 records showed, that around 39,000,000 people that are affected by HIV/AIDS.
- An estimated 32,000,000 15-years-old up are living with HIV.
- Infected 14-year-old and below has seen to drop from 2,800,000 in 2009 to 2,600,000 in 2014
*People with HIV AIDS per Region
- East and Southern Africa – 19,200,000
- West and Central Africa – 6,600,000
- Asia and the Pacific – 5,000,000
- Western and Central Europe and North America – 2,400,000
- Latin America – 1,700,000
- Eastern Europe and Central Asia – 1,500,000
- Carribean – 280,000
- The Middle East and North Africa – 240,000
*Estimated number as of 2014 by UNAids
Much effort has been put into finding a functional cure, meaning that the virus can be in the blood but at such a low level that it cannot make you ill or detected by a blood test. There have also been talks of an HIV virus but it would offer partial protection. All in all, the most important thing is to now get a test, know your status and live positively.